Just as in America, it was the middle and lower classes involved in the revolution and although the loyalists in America had a sound following, the demographics of the revolution were essentially the same. Another important similarity between the two revolutions in France and America was their emphasis on Enlightenment thought. The Enlightenment, which started in France and is associated with writers such as rousseau and Voltaire, caused those under the thumb of monarchies to begin to recognize the inequality inherent in such systems. People of all classes, especially the middle and lower classes, began to use these ideas to formulate an ideology of resistance and insist on the implementation of new measures that would guarantee the natural rights of all citizens. These ideas shaped the American revolution and the success of it went on to also inspire the French as well. In France, the war was an ideological war, but anyone who tried to see it as a straight clash between revolution and counter-revolution would soon become confused. Partisans of the revolution differed violently with each other, as did their opponents. To different parties, the French revolution might refer to specific events, like the capture of the bastille, or to a vast personified force, or to an abstract cause for which the French or others might be fighting.
SparkNotes : The, russian revolution (19171918 summary
One of the most important similarities between both the American revolution and French revolutions was that you there was a growing dissent among the people aimed at the monarchy and its associated elite and aristocrats. Even though they were powerful in both France and America at the start of each revolution, their strangleholds on both the people and economies of each nation were weakening. For instance, in 1763 Britain was on the very pinnacle of worldwide power and her old enemies were seemingly prostrate. At the same time, however, the nation was beset with political instability and was stumbling on the edge of bankruptcy" (Jensen 4). The reaction against the British monarchy in America only served to further weaken it and although it may have been strong in other parts of the world, the continued resistance exemplified by events such as the boston tea party and other revolutionary acts against the. By the time the American revolution was strong and the war was beginning, Britains defenses were already down since they had so quickly lost the vast amount of power they had gained in the pre-revolutionary years. In France and in the case of the French revolution, it was much the same and although some of the reasons differed for the revolution, on the whole, it was a very similar attack against the monarchy. In the eighteenth century, the French bourgeoisie had become aware of the increasing disparity between its wealth and social usefulness, on the one hand, and its social prestige and opportunities on the other. It way was blocked and recognition of its worth was denied by a decaying class of parasitic, hereditary privileged, noble landowners. Its vitality was further jeopardized by a monarchy not only committed to antiquated aristocratic values, but also incapable of giving the country that firm yet benignly restrained direction under which the initiative of men of business might flourish" (Lucas 84).
With such an ideological basis, it becomes clear when one sets out to compare the global French revolution and American revolution that people felt the need to be free from oppressive or tyrannical rule of absolute monarchs and have the ability to live independent from such. The leadership in both countries at the time of their revolutions was certainly repressive, especially in terms of taxation. Both areas suffered social and economic hardships that led to the realization that something must be done to topple the hierarchy and put power back into the hands of the people. While there are several similarities in these revolutions, there are also a few key differences. This comparison essay on the French and American revolutions seeks to explore the parallels as well as the divisions that are present in both the American revolution and the French revolution. The political climate in France during its revolution was quite different than that in America simply because there was not a large war that had just ended in America (while in France the seven years War had nearly devastated the. French monarchy s coffers). Furthermore, although the lower and middle classes were generally the majority of the rebelling populace, there was far more upper class support for the revolution in France versus the participation of loyalists in America.
I guess its resume because i just feel Russian. Its become a bit of a cliché these days to bend. Ich bin ein Berliner to any situation, when speaking of any newsworthy issue on any scale. Maybe today—for once—Ill hop on the bandwagon. Why did i accept Russian citizenship? jeff Monson is an mma fighter and political activist. Both the American revolution and French revolution were the products. Enlightenment ideals that emphasized the idea of natural rights and equality.
I know some readers are shaking their heads right now. Thats to be expected. Amid Russias clash with America on Ukraine and Syria, the countrys taken a real pummeling in the media. But after spending a lot of time there, which I recommend anyone do, its clear to me that Russia isnt consumed with expanding threads of power or capitalism. Its concerned with the well-being of its people. And I respect its ability to focus on itself, to address its own issues. So when people ask me why i sought Russian citizenship, its hard to give a concise answer.
Mark Twain on czars, siberia, and
During my trip to nizhniy novgorod in December, i attended a free amateur. Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) event where i had the chance to meet the citys famous quadriplegic hockey team. Theyre 100 percent community-sponsored, and the city takes pride in what theyve achieved. Theres no money changing hands essay during their events, no ticket sales. The community just comes out to show them their support in an altruistic way.
As a communist, i cant help but be fascinated by the 1917 revolution, the worlds first social revolution to topple a monarchy and install a communist government. Russias experience with communism was—mildly put—in no way unambiguous. But it did create a certain rift essay between the lifestyle there and the materialism of other developed nations. This is manifest in its culture of social responsibility, which ive seen time and again, and in the values of its people, a good and decent people who arent caught up in the rat race that eats up so much time in the west. For me, their humanness is something I relate to on a very intrinsic level, and is a big part of the russian soul that has drawn so many historical admirers. There is a depth to their spirit, and this has resulted in some of the worlds best art and tomes of literature that never lose relevance.
When my career kicked off in the early 2000s, i started traveling extensively for international fights and for the first time questioned my perspective on the world. Between airports, i compared global news coverage and soon realized that media everywhere is biased and the truth lies somewhere in between. At the same time, i saw the poverty kids are still forced to endure in places like brazil; to me, this was unjustifiable given the huge military budgets of superpowers like america, which should lead by example, give more and defend less. These awakenings became a cornerstone of my belief in communism and that the world must do away with class hierarchy and institutions that promote inequality. In short, when I first visited Russia in 2011, it was with a very open mind. As an American used to negative narratives of Russia, i was surprised by the graciousness of the people when i arrived in Moscow in 2011 to attend a news conference before my fight with.
Widely viewed as the best mixed martial artist to have ever lived, fedor is a larger-than-life figure and in Russia a national treasure. But instead of the heckling one might expect before opposing a folk hero of epic proportion, i was greeted by cheers. After my loss, in which I broke my leg mid-fight, i wasnt shunned for my defeat but praised for my persistence. I later came to realize that this is a defining trait of the russian people, and was regularly invited back to russia for grappling matches and fights and to do charity work for underprivileged kids. Now off on my 25th (or so) trip to russia, i can confidently say ive seen a sizable part of the country, from Moscow and. Petersburg to Ingushetia, chechnya, irkutsk and Tomsk. Whenever Im in Russia, i try to spend time visiting orphanages and promoting youth sports. And Im always surprised to see how obligated Russians feel to help those in need.
October: The, story of the russian revolution : China
And it was as unexpected for me as it would be for nearly any American. I grew nurse up in Washington state in a middle-class family like most American kids'. My dad was a military man and my mom a nurse who pretty much raised me on her own. I started wrestling at age 15 and caught on fast, later competing at Oregon State University and the University of Illinois. My childhood and young adulthood passed in the 1970s and '80s, when Russia was for many Americans something dangerous and unknown—an evil country buried in a swathe of red that covered classroom maps of Europe. I was a patriot who believed the news, that America was a land of opportunity and that our way of life was destined to become the way of life of the world. Keep up with this story and more by subscribing now. Things changed when I joined the. Ultimate fighting Championship (UFC) in 1997 after working as a child psychologist.
Ever since, theres been a lot of noise on social media and in the news about my decision to seek russian citizenship. So i thought Id take a moment to put it to rest for my fans. Those who know los me know that I never hold back when it comes to things I care about. I sure as hell dont plan to start now. But my critics will be sad to hear that my decision wasnt the result of my longtime dislike of Americas aggressive foreign policy or imperialistic capitalist ambitions. Recommended Slideshows, rather, it was due to my solidarity with the russian people, something I felt when I first visited Russia in 2011. I felt deep down right away that this is my home—the one place i feel at peace with myself and my surroundings.
important to know this history and consider its revolutionary character. Understanding the nature of Stanislavskis insights allows us to look at other unasked questions, other foundational elements of our craft that we might take for granted. Beyond this, ratliff also provides a list of Stanislavskis books, which still provide "fascinating explorations of the craft of performance." Check them out: Follow Open Culture on, facebook and, twitter and share intelligent media with your friends. Or better yet, sign up for our daily email and get a daily dose of Open Culture in your inbox. If you'd like to support Open Culture and our mission, please consider making a donation to our site. It's hard to rely 100 on ads, and your contributions will help us provide the best free cultural and educational materials. Just two weeks ago, i turned in my citizenship papers at a crowded migration office in Moscow. Days later, on December 25, i climbed into the ring for the first time to fight under the russian flag.
The role the actor played was to give life to the emotions of the text in a broad illustrative fashion. Formal categories such as melodrama, opera, vaudeville, and musicals, all played to this notion of the actor as chief representer of dramatic ideas. Stanislavskis key insight was in seeing the actor as an experiencer of authentic emotional moments. Suddenly the craft of performance could be about seeking out a genuine internal experience of the narratives emotional journey. From this foundation, realism in performance began to flourish. This not only changed our fundamental idea of the actor but invited a reinvention of the whole vegetarianism endeavor of telling stories through drama. Teachers would adopt Stanisvlaskis methods and ideas and elaborate upon them in American theatre schools. The result, in the 1950s, would be a new wave of actors and a style of acting that emphasized psychological realism to a greater degree than their peers in motion pictures.
October revolution: How China, cuba and Others Celebrate
From Travis lee ratcliff comes a video essay that explores the influence. Constantin Stanislavski, the russian theatre director whose "system" of actor training shaped a generation of iconic American actors. Here's how Ratcliff sets the stage for his video essay. In the 1950s, a wave of method actors took hollywood by storm. Actors like james dean, marlon Brando, and Montgomery Clift, brought a whole new toolset and perspective on the actors craft to the films they performed. The foundation of their work, however, was laid in Russia more than fifty years prior pelleas to their stardom. Stanislavskis conception of psychological realism in performance challenged ideas about the essential features of the actors craft that had been held for centuries. In theatre before Stanislavski, acting was defined as a craft of vocal and gestural training.