58 59 It was originally referred to as the king's "New Park" 60 to distinguish it from the existing park in Richmond, which is now known as Old deer Park. In 1637 he appointed Jerome weston, 2nd Earl of Portland as keeper of the new park for life, with a fee of 12 (old) pence a day, pasture for four horses, and the use of the brushwood 61 later holders of that office were known. Charles's decision, also in 1637, to enclose the land nb 1 was not popular with the local residents, but he did allow pedestrians the right of way. 62 to this day the walls remain, although they have been partially rebuilt and reinforced. Following Charles I's execution, custodianship of the park passed to the corporation of the city of London. It was returned to the restored monarch, Charles ii, on his return to london in 1660.
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45 In 2011, the Friends successfully campaigned for the withdrawal of plans for open air screenings of films in the park. 46 47 In 2012, the Friends contributed towards the cost of a new Jubilee pond, and launched a public appeal for a ponds and Streams Conservation Programme in which the Friends, the richmond Park wildlife Group and healthy Planet have been working with staff from. The Friends run a visitor centre near Pembroke lodge, organise a programme of walks 51 and education activities for young people, and produce a quarterly newsletter. The Friends have published two books, a guide to richmond Park and Family Trails in Richmond Park ; profits from the books' sales contribute towards the Friends' conservation work. 52 53 The Friends of Richmond Park has been a charitable organisation since 2009. members, is run by approximately 150 volunteers and has no staff. 54 Broadcaster and naturalist Sir david Attenborough, former Richmond Park mp baroness Susan Kramer and children's author Dame jacqueline wilson are patrons trees of frp. 55 The chair (in 2017) is Ron Crompton, who also chairs the royal Parks Friends Forum. 56 The Friends Forum enables the chairs of all the royal Parks Friends groups to meet regularly to discuss common issues and to make their views known to the chief executive of the royal Parks, the royal Parks Advisory Group and the department of Culture. 57 History edit Stuart origins edit In 1625 Charles I brought his court to richmond Palace to escape an outbreak of plague in London 58 and turned the area on the hill above richmond into a park for the hunting of red and fallow deer.
Members of english Barnes Runners complete at least one circumnavigation of it on the first and third Sunday of every month. The richmond Park parkrun, a 5 km organised run, takes place every saturday at 9:00 am 40 from a starting point close to bishop's Gate. 41 There are children's playgrounds at Kingston Gate and Petersham Gate. 38 Friends of Richmond Park edit The Friends of Richmond Park (FRP) was founded in 1961 to protect the park. In 1960 the speed limit in the park had been raised from 20 to 30 miles an hour and there were concerns that the roads in the park would be assigned to the main highway system as had recently happened in parts of Hyde park. 43 In 1969, plans by the then Greater London council to assign the park's roads to the national highway were revealed by the Friends and subsequently withdrawn. 44 The speed limit was reduced to 20 miles an hour in the summer of 2004.
38 The tamsin Trail (shared between pedestrians and cyclists) provides a circuit of the park and is almost entirely car-free. 39 Fishing is allowed, by paid permit, on Pen Ponds from mid-June to mid-March. 38 Golf is played at Richmond Park golf course, accessed from Chohole gate. Horse riding : Horses from several local stables are ridden in the park. 38 Rugby : A section of the grassland to the north of the roehampton Gate is maintained and laid out during the winter months for rugby; there are three pitches. At weekends, this area is hired extensively to rosslyn Park rugby football Club. The club buses visiting teams to and from the park pitches from its nearby clubhouse and changing rooms. 38 Running : The tamsin Trail is.2 miles (11.6 km) trail around the park which is popular with runners.
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the park was policed by the separate royal Parks Constabulary but that has now been subsumed into the royal Parks Operational Command Unit of the metropolitan Police. 29 The essay mounted police have been replaced by a patrol team in a four-wheel drive vehicle. In 2015 the Friends of Richmond Park expressed concern and about plans to cut the numbers of police in the park to half the level that they were ten years previously, despite an increase in visitor numbers and in incidents of crime. it was reported that police have been given the power to issue 50 on-the-spot fines for littering, cycling outside designated areas and for dog fouling offences. 31 In August 2012 a dog owner was ordered to pay 315 after allowing five dogs to chase ducks in the park.
commercial dog-walkers have been required to apply for licences to walk dogs in the park and are allowed to walk only four dogs at a time. 33 In September 2013 a cyclist was successfully prosecuted for speeding at 37 mph in the park. 34 In March 2015 a cycling club member was fined for speeding at 41 mph and faced disciplinary action from his cycling club, which uses the park for training. 35 In 20 two men were prosecuted for picking mushrooms in the park. 36 37 Sport and recreation edit cycling : Cycles are available for hire near roehampton Gate and, at peak times, near Pembroke lodge.
The beverley brook walk runs through the park between roehampton Gate and Robin hood Gate. The capital Ring walking route passes through the park from Robin hood Gate to petersham Gate. The Thames Cycle route runs across the park from Ham Gate to roehampton Gate (also known as Sustrans ncn route 4 the speed limit on this route through the centre of the park, where it is off the main road, is 10 mph). London Cycle network route. 3 goes through the park. 11 The park has designated bridleways and cycle paths.
These are shown on maps 21 and noticeboards displayed near the main entrances, along with other regulations that govern use of the park. The bridleways are special in that they are for horses (and their riders) only and not open to cyclists like normal bridleways. Cycling is allowed only on main roads, the Thames Cycle route through the centre of the park (10 mph and on the tamsin Trail (the shared-use pedestriancycle path that runs close to the park's perimeter). 24 As the park is a national nature reserve and a site of Special Scientific Interest, all dog owners are required to keep their dogs under control while in the park. This includes not allowing their dog to disturb other park users or disrupt wildlife. In 2009, after some incidents leading to the death of wildfowl, the park's dogs-on-leads policy was extended. Park users are said to believe that the deer are feeling increasingly threatened by the growing number of dogs using the park 25 and royal Parks advises against walking dogs in the park during the deer's birthing season. 26 27 Law enforcement edit a mugging at gunpoint in 1854 reputedly led to the establishment of a park police force.
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Access edit richmond Park is enclosed by a high wall with several gates. The gates either allow pedestrian and bicycle access only, or allow bicycle, pedestrian and other vehicle access. The gates for motor vehicle access are open only during daylight hours, and the speed limit is 20 mph. The gates for pedestrians and cyclists are open 24 hours a day apart from during the deer cull in February and november when the park is closed in the evenings. Apart from taxis, no commercial vehicles are allowed unless they are being used to transact business with residents of the park. 19 From March to October, a free bus service runs on Wednesdays, where stopping at the main car parks and the gate at Isabella Plantation nearest Peg's Pond. 20 The shared use cycle/footpath, thesis between roehampton Gate and Sheen Gate, crosses beverley brook amid willows The gates open to motor traffic are: Sheen Gate, richmond Gate, ham Gate, kingston Gate, roehampton Gate and (for access to richmond Park golf course only) Chohole gate. 21 22 There is pedestrian and bicycle access to the park 24 hours a day except during the deer cull in February and november when the pedestrian gates are closed between 8:00 pm and 7:30.
It is close to richmond, ham, petersham, kingston upon Thames, wimbledon, roehampton and East Sheen. 1 Organisation edit governance edit The secretary of State for Culture, media and Sport manages Richmond Park and the other royal Parks of London under powers set out in the Crown Lands Act 1851, which transferred management of the parks from the monarch to the. Day-to-day management of the royal Parks has been delegated to The royal Parks, an executive agency of the department for Culture, media and Sport (dcms). The royal Parks' board sets the strategic direction for the agency. Appointments to the board are made by the mayor of London. 14 The Friends of Richmond Park and the Friends of Bushy park co-chair the richmond and Bushy parks Forum, comprising 38 local groups of local stakeholder organisations. 15 The forum was formed in September 2010 to consider proposals to bring Richmond Park and Bushy park and London's other royal parks under the control of the mayor of London through a student new royal Parks board 15 16 and to make a joint response. Although welcoming the principles of the new governance arrangements, the forum (in 2011) and the Friends of Richmond Park (in 2012) have expressed concerns about the composition of the new board.
11 The largest Site of Special Scientific Interest in London, it was designated as an sssi in 1992, 8 excluding the area of the golf course, pembroke lodge gardens and the gate gardens. 11 In its citation, natural England said: "Richmond Park has been managed as a royal deer park since the seventeenth century, producing a range of habitats of value to wildlife. In particular, richmond Park is of importance for its diverse deadwood beetle fauna associated with the ancient trees found throughout the parkland. In addition the park supports the most extensive area of dry acid grassland in Greater London." 8 The park was designated as an sac in April 2005 on account of its having "a large number of ancient trees with decaying timber. It is at the heart of the south London centre of distribution for stag beetle lucanus cervus, and is a site of national importance for the conservation of the fauna of invertebrates associated with the decaying timber of ancient trees". 12 Since October 1987 the park has also been included, at Grade i, on the register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England, being described in Historic England 's listing as "A royal deer park with pre C15 origins, imparked. A public open space since the mid C19". 13 geography edit richmond Park is located in the london Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
The park's boundary walls and ten other buildings are listed at Grade ii, including. Pembroke lodge, the home of 19th-century British Prime minister Lord. John Russell and his buy grandson, the philosopher, bertrand Russell. Historically the preserve of the monarch, the park is now open for all to use and includes a golf course and other facilities for sport and recreation. It played an important role in both world wars and in the 19 Olympics. Size edit, richmond Park is the largest of London's royal Parks. 3, it is the second-largest park in London (after the 10,000 acre lee valley park, whose area extends beyond the M25 into hertfordshire and Essex ) and is Britain's second-largest urban walled park after Sutton Park, 1 Birmingham. Measuring.69 square miles (955 hectares or 2,360 acres 1 it is comparable in size to paris 's bois de vincennes (995 ha or 2,458 ac) and bois de boulogne (846 ha or 2,090 ac). 4 It is almost half the size of Casa de campo ( Madrid ) (17.34 ac) 5 and around three times the size of Central Park in New York (341 ha or 843 ac).
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For other uses, see, richmond Park (disambiguation). Richmond Park, in the, london Borough of Richmond upon Thames, was created. Charles i in the 17th century 2 as a deer park. The largest of London's royal Parks, it is of national and international importance for wildlife conservation. The park is a national nature reserve, a, site of Special Scientific Interest and a, special Area of Conservation and is included, plan at Grade i,. Historic England 's, register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England. Its landscapes have inspired many famous artists and it has been a location for several films and tv series. Adams Pond, richmond Park includes many buildings of architectural or historic interest. Grade i-listed, white lodge was formerly a royal residence and is now home to the.